Amateur Astrophotographie Landos France

Nebulas

NGC 2175 SHO Monkey Head Nebula

NGC2175-SHO

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:14×600 Ha, 7×600 OIII/SII all 2bin
30 January 2016

Open Cluster NGC 2175 (also known as OCL 476 or Cr 84) is an open cluster in the Orion constellation, embedded in a diffusion nebula. It was discovered by Giovanni Batista Hodierna before 1654 and independently discovered by Karl Christian Bruhns in 1857. NGC 2175 is at a distance of about 6,350 light years away from Earth.
The nebula surrounding it is Sharpless catalog Sh 2-252.
There is some equivocation in the use of the identifiers NGC 2174 and NGC 2175. These may apply to the entire nebula, to its brightest knot, or to the star cluster it includes. Burnham’s Celestial Handbook lists the entire nebula as 2174/2175 and does not mention the star cluster. The NGC Project (working from the original descriptive notes) assigns NGC 2174 to the prominent knot at J2000 06h 09m 23.7s, +20° 39′ 34″ and NGC 2175 to the entire nebula, and by extension to the star cluster. Simbad uses NGC 2174 for the nebula and NGC 2175 for the star cluster. @wikipedia

NGC 2175 (également connu sous le nom de nébuleuse de la Tête de singe, OCL 476 ou encore de Cr 84) est un amas ouvert dans la constellation d’Orion. Il a été découvert par Giovanni Battista Hodierna peu avant 1654. De façon indépendante, Karl Christian Bruhns le découvrit en 1857. NGC 2175 se trouve à environ 6 350 années-lumière de la Terre. Il est entouré par la nébuleuse Sh 2-252 @wikipedia


M8 Lagoon Nebula SHO

M8_SHO_neu

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:20×600 Ha, 12×600 OIII/SII all 2bin
14 July 2015

The Lagoon Nebula is estimated to be between 4,000-6,000 light years from the Earth. In the sky of Earth, it spans 90′ by 40′, translates to an actual dimension of 110 by 50 light years. Like many nebulas, it appears pink in time-exposure color photos but is gray to the eye peering through binoculars or a telescope, human vision having poor color sensitivity at low light levels. The nebula contains a number of Bok globules (dark, collapsing clouds of protostellar material), the most prominent of which have been catalogued by E. E. Barnard as B88, B89 and B296. It also includes a funnel-like or tornado-like structure caused by a hot O-type star that emanates ultraviolet light, heating and ionizing gases on the surface of the nebula. The Lagoon Nebula also contains at its centre a structure known as the Hourglass Nebula (so named by John Herschel), which should not be confused with the better known Hourglass Nebula in the constellation of Musca. In 2006 the first four Herbig–Haro objects were detected within the Hourglass, also including HH 870. This provides the first direct evidence of active star formation by accretion within it. @wiki

La nébuleuse a été découverte en 1747 par Guillaume Le Gentil et intégra le catalogue de Messier en 1764. John Herschel découvrit que la région la plus brillante de la nébuleuse avait une forme de sablier. Cette région a été observée par le télescope Hubble en 1997, celle-ci étant considérée comme le lieu de la formation d’étoiles. En 1890, Agnès Clerke lui donna son nom de « nébuleuse de la lagune ».
La nébuleuse de la lagune est un immense nuage d’hydrogène et de poussières éclairé par une supergéante bleue, l’étoile 9 du Sagittaire. La taille de la nébuleuse est d’environ 110 années-lumière et sa distance tourne autour de 5000 années lumière ce qui lui donne un diamètre apparent trois fois plus important que celui de la pleine Lune. La nébuleuse, comme de nombreuses nébuleuses diffuses, contient un bel amas ouvert, NGC 6530, issu de la nébuleuse, d’étoiles jeunes et très chaudes de type O et B âgées de seulement 2 millions d’années. La région du sablier, éclairée par l’étoile Herschel 36, est suspectée d’être le lieu de naissance d’étoiles.
Du fait de sa magnitude 5, la nébuleuse est visible à l’œil nu. La taille apparente très importante de l’objet impose de faire attention au grossissement employé pour l’observer. Si vous avez un télescope ou une lunette astronomique utilisez l’oculaire ayant la distance focale la plus importante (20 mm par exemple). L’utilisation d’un filtre UHC, très efficace pour ce type de nébuleuse, vous permettra sans doute d’observer la nébuleuse avec plus de détails.@wiki


M17 Omega Nebula SHO

Omega Nebula SHO

Omega Nebula SHO

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:32×600 Ha, 14×600 OIII/SII all 2bin
25-26 Juin 2015

The Omega Nebula, also known as the Swan Nebula, Checkmark Nebula, and the Horseshoe Nebula (catalogued as Messier 17 or M17 and as NGC 6618) is an H II region in the constellation Sagittarius. It was discovered by Philippe Loys de Chéseaux in 1745. Charles Messier catalogued it in 1764. It is located in the rich starfields of the Sagittarius area of the Milky Way.
The Omega Nebula is between 5,000 and 6,000 light-years from Earth and it spans some 15 light-years in diameter. The cloud of interstellar matter of which this nebula is a part is roughly 40 light-years in diameter and has a mass of 30,000 solar masses. The total mass of the Omega Nebula is an estimated 800 solar masses.
It is considered one of the brightest and most massive star-forming regions of our galaxy. Its local geometry is similar to the Orion Nebula except that it is viewed edge-on rather than face-on. @Wiki

M17, également connue sous les noms de nébuleuse Oméga, du Cygne, du Fer à Cheval ou du Homard, est une nébuleuse en émission située à environ 5 500 années-lumière de la Terre dans la constellation du Sagittaire et a un diamètre de 15 années-lumière1.
D’une quarantaine d’années-lumière d’envergure, la nébuleuse doit sa luminosité à des étoiles jeunes de type B qui irradient le gaz alentour, créant ainsi une région HII. La couleur rouge de la nébuleuse est d’ailleurs celle de l’hydrogène ionisé.
Au sein de la nébuleuse se trouverait un amas ouvert constitué d’une trentaine d’étoiles masquées par la nébuleuse.
En infrarouge, on a pu y observer une quantité importante de poussières favorables à la formation d’étoiles. @wiki


M16 SHO

M16 SHO

M16 SHO

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:38×600 Ha, 17×600 OIII/SII all 2bin
22-24 Juin 2015

The Eagle Nebula is part of a diffuse emission nebula, or H II region, which is catalogued as IC 4703. This region of active current star formation is about 7000 light-years distant. A spire of gas that can be seen coming off the nebula in the northeastern part is approximately 9.5 light-years or about 90 trillion kilometers long.
The descriptive names reflect impressions of the shape of the central pillar rising from the southeast into the central luminous area. The name “Star Queen Nebula” was introduced by Robert Burnham, Jr., reflecting his characterization of the central pillar as the Star Queen shown in silhouette.

L’amas ouvert fut découvert par Jean-Philippe de Chéseaux en 1746, mais Charles Messier ne l’a ajouté dans son catalogue qu’en 1764, date à laquelle il découvrit aussi la nébulosité dans laquelle baigne l’amas. William et Caroline Herschel n’ayant probablement pas découvert immédiatement la double nature de cet objet, les catalogues anglo-saxons ont donné à l’amas ouvert la référence NGC 6611 et ce n’est qu’en 1908 que la nébuleuse reçut la référence IC 4703.
La première photographie de la nébuleuse, prise par E. E. Barnard, date de 1895. Plus récemment, les images acquises par le télescope spatial Hubble en 1995 montrent que la nébuleuse de l’Aigle est une pouponnière d’étoiles, en termes plus scientifiques une région HII ; ces images spectaculaires resteront parmi les plus médiatisées du télescope spatial et auront marqué le début d’une grande série


IC410

IC410 SHO narrow band

IC410 SHO narrow band

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:10×600 Ha/OIII/SII all 2bin
19 February 2015

IC 410 an emission nebula about 12,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Auriga. Near the center of the nebulous region is a star cluster ( NGC 1893) and just to the bottom right of this cluster lies two structures that resemble tadpoles. These structures are made of leftover hydrogen and dust from the formation of the star cluster and the “tails” are from the solar wind coming from the stars of NGC 1893.

IC 410 est une nébuleuse en émission située à environ 12 000 années-lumière de la Terre dans la constellation du Cocher. La nébuleuse contient en son cœur l’amas ouvert NGC 1893.

A starless version of the IC 410
IC410-SHO-hp_starless


Mosaik of the Soul Nebula

Mosaik of SoulNebula SHO

Mosaik of SoulNebula SHO

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:9×3,5h HA/SII/OIII all 2bin
Oct-Nov 2014

A starless version of the Soul Nebula

SoulNebula starless version

 


IC1848 middle-east part

IC1848_2_hp

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:9×600 Ha, 7×600 OIII/SII all2bin
25 October 2014


IC1848 SHO sothern part of Soul nebula

IC1848_southern_part_final_hp

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:9×600 Ha, 7×600 OIII/SII all2bin
18 October 2014

Soul Nebula (Sharpless 2-199, LBN 667) is emission nebulae in Cassiopeia. Several small open clusters are embedded in the nebula: CR 34, 632, and 634[citation needed] (in the head) and IC1848 (in the body). The object is more commonly called by the cluster designation IC1848.@wikipedia

IC 1848 est une nébuleuse en émission et un amas ouvert dans la constellation de Cassiopée.Nébuleuse en émission couplée à un amas ouvert de magnitude la mettant à portée des instruments modestes et des jumelles.
C’est un amas ouvert d’étoiles entouré par une nébuleuse. Cet ensemble se trouve près de IC 1805, une autre nébuleuse associée à un amas. Ces deux objets sont de magnitude et de taille égales.@wikipedia


Tulip Nebula Sh2-101 SHO

SH2-101-SHO_hp_neu

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:15×600 Ha, 10×600 OIII/SII all2bin
27 September 2014

The Tulip Nebula, or Sharpless 101 (Sh2-101) or the Cygnus Star Cloud is a H II region emission nebula located in the constellation Cygnus. It is so named because it appears to resemble the outline of a tulip when imaged photographically. It was catalogued by astronomer Stewart Sharpless in his 1959 catalog of nebulae. It lies at a distance of about 6,000 light-years (5.7×1016 km; 3.5×1016 mi) from Earth.@wikipedia

La nébuleuse de la tulipe se trouve à 8000 années-lumière en direction de la constellation du Cygne. L’image composite ( SHO ) ci-dessus cartographie l’émission de soufre ionisé (rouge), d’hydrogène (vert) et d’atomes d’oxygène (bleu). Le rayonnement ultraviolet de la jeune étoile HDE 227018 (près de l’arc bleu au centre de l’image) ionise les atomes et alimente l’émission de la nébuleuse de la tulipe.


Eastern Veil Nebula SHO

EasternVeilNebula_match-pick-web

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:15×600 Ha, 10×600 OIII/SII all2bin
04 September 2014

The Veil Nebula itself is a large supernova remnant, the expanding debris cloud from the death explosion of a massive star. While the Veil is roughly circular in shape covering nearly 3 degrees on the sky in the constellation Cygnus, this portion of the eastern Veil spans only 1/2 degree, about the apparent size of the Moon. That translates to 12 light-years at the Veil’s reassuring estimated distance of 1,400 light-years from planet Earth. In the composite of image data recorded through narrow band filters, emission from hydrogen atoms in the remnant is shown in red with strong emission from oxygen atoms in blue-green hues.

NGC 6995 est la partie la plus méridionale de la nébuleuse Cirrus dans la constellation du Cygne. NGC 6995 a une luminosité de 7,00 mag et un diamètre de 12 minutes d’arc.


Pickering’s Triangle SHO

Pickering_triangle-web

 

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:12×600 Ha, 7×600 OIII/SII all2bin
03 September 2014

The Veil Nebula is a cloud of heated and ionized gas and dust in the constellation Cygnus. It constitutes the visible portions of the Cygnus Loop (radio source W78, or Sharpless 103), a large but relatively faint supernova remnant. The source supernova exploded some 5,000 to 8,000 years ago, and the remnants have since expanded to cover an area roughly 3 degrees in diameter (about 6 times the diameter, or 36 times the area, of the full moon). The distance to the nebula is not precisely known, but Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) data supports a distance of about 1,470 light-years.

In modern usage, the names Veil Nebula, Cirrus Nebula, and Filamentary Nebula generally refer to all the visible structure of the remnant, or even to the entire loop itself. The structure is so large that several NGC numbers were assigned to various arcs of the nebula.[4] There are three main visual components:

The Western Veil (also known as Caldwell 34), consisting of NGC 6960 (the “Witch’s Broom”, “Finger of God”, or “Filamentary Nebula”) near the foreground star 52 Cygni;
The Eastern Veil (also known as Caldwell 33), whose brightest area is NGC 6992, trailing off farther south into NGC 6995 and IC 1340; and
Pickering’s Triangle (or Pickering’s Triangular Wisp), brightest at the north central edge of the loop, but visible in photographs continuing toward the central area of the loop.@wikipedia

Le Triangle de Pickering se trouve quant à lui au nord-ouest de la nébuleuse. Comme son nom l’indique en partie, il s’agit d’un triangle filamenteux allongé en direction du sud sur environ 45 minutes d’arc (pour une base de 25′ de largeur). Il partage avec la Petite Dentelle la désignation de NGC 6960. Le Triangle de Pickering se prolonge par un long filament de plus de deux degrés de long.


The Wall NGC7000 in SHO

The Wall

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:125×600 Ha, 10×600 OIII/SII all2bin
02 September 2014

The North America Nebula (NGC 7000 or Caldwell 20) is an emission nebula in the constellation Cygnus, close to Deneb (the tail of the swan and its brightest star). The remarkable shape of the nebula resembles that of the continent of North America, complete with a prominent Gulf of Mexico. It is sometimes incorrectly called the “North American Nebula.
Cygnus’s Wall is a term for the “Mexico and Central America part” of the North America Nebula. The Cygnus Wall exhibits the most concentrated star formations in the nebula. @wikipedia

La nébuleuse de l’Amérique du Nord (ou NGC 7000 ou nebula North America) est une nébuleuse en émission située à environ 580 pc (1 890 a.l.) dans la constellation du Cygne, près de Alpha Cygni1. Elle a une taille environ 15 pc (48,9 a.l.)
La forme de la nébuleuse fait penser à celle de l’Amérique du Nord, d’où son nom.


Pelican Nebula SHO

Pelikan-SHO_web

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII/SII
Exposure:12×600 Ha, 7×600 OIII/SII all2bin
28 August 2014

The Pelican Nebula (also known as IC 5070 and IC 5067) is an H II region associated with the North America Nebula in the constellation Cygnus. The gaseous contortions of this emission nebula bear a resemblance to a pelican, giving rise to its name. The Pelican Nebula is located nearby first magnitude star Deneb, and is divided from its more prominent neighbour, the North America Nebula, by a molecular cloud filled with dark dust.

The Pelican is much studied because it has a particularly active mix of star formation and evolving gas clouds. The light from young energetic stars is slowly transforming cold gas to hot and causing an ionization front gradually to advance outward. Particularly dense filaments of cold gas are seen to still remain, and among these are found two jets emitted from the Herbig–Haro object 555. Millions of years from now this nebula might no longer be known as the Pelican, as the balance and placement of stars and gas will leave something that appears completely different. @wikipedia

IC 5067/70 est une très grande nébuleuse en émission (2,5 fois le diamètre de la pleine Lune). Elle se nomme aussi la ‘nébuleuse du Pélican.
Elle se trouve juste à côté de la très grande et célèbre NGC 7000 (la nébuleuse de l’Amérique du Nord). Elle doit être observée aux jumelles. Attention, sa puissante voisine atténue un peu la beauté de cette nébuleuse.


Crescent Nebula

NGC6888_ha_OIII_hp

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonHa/OIII
Exposure:35x900sec Ha, 27x600sec
18 August 2013

The Crescent Nebula (also known as NGC 6888, Caldwell 27, Sharpless 105) is an emission nebula in the constellation Cygnus, about 5000 light-years away. It was discovered by Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel in 1792. It is formed by the fast stellar wind from the Wolf-Rayet star WR 136 (HD 192163) colliding with and energizing the slower moving wind ejected by the star when it became a red giant around 250,000[3] to 400,000[citation needed] years ago. The result of the collision is a shell and two shock waves, one moving outward and one moving inward. The inward moving shock wave heats the stellar wind to X-ray-emitting temperatures.
It is a rather faint object located about 2 degrees SW of Sadr. For most telescopes it requires a UHC or OIII filter to see. Under favorable circumstances a telescope as small as 8cm (with filter) can see its nebulosity. Larger telescopes (20cm or more) reveal the crescent or a Euro sign shape which makes some to call it the “Euro sign nebula”. @Wikipedia

 

La nébuleuse du Croissant (NGC 6888) est une nébuleuse en émission située dans la constellation du Cygne, à environ 5 000 années-lumière2. Elle est issue des rapides vents solaires créés par l’étoile Wolf-Rayet WR 136, qui -par collision- ionisent les vents plus lents de cette même étoile lorsqu’elle était plus jeune et plus petite (de type géante rouge) il y a 400 000 ans. Le front de choc engendre ce que l’on nomme une bulle de Wolf-Rayet. @Wikipedia


Cocoon Nebula 2014

IC5146_LRGB_web

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 AstrodonLRGB
Exposure: 10×600 sec Lum/7×300 sec RGB 2xbin
18 August 2014

IC 5146 (also Caldwell 19, Sh 2-125, and the Cocoon Nebula) is a reflection/emission nebula and Caldwell object in the constellation Cygnus. The NGC description refers to IC 5146 as a cluster of 9.5 mag stars involved in a bright and dark nebula. The cluster is also known as Collinder 470. It shines at magnitude +10.0/+9.3/+7.2. Its celestial coordinates are RA 21h 53.5m, dec+47° 16′. It is located near the naked-eye star Pi Cygni, the open cluster NGC 7209 in Lacerta, and the bright open cluster M39.[1][4] The cluster is about 4,000 ly away, and the central star that lights it formed about 100,000 years ago; the nebula is about 12 arcmins across, which is equivalent to a span of 15 light years @Wikipedia

IC 5146 est composé d’une nébuleuse en émission et un amas ouvert situés à environ 4 000 années-lumière de la Terre dans la constellation du Cygne1. Il a un diamètre d’environ 15 années-lumière.
Elle se trouve près du bord Est de la constellation, près de celle du Lézard, en plein dans la Voie lactée, à une heure en AD de la Nébuleuse de l’Amérique du Nord. Elle est située à l’extrémité de la nébuleuse obscure Barnard 1681.
Elle est également une zone de formation d’étoiles @Wikipedia


Soap Bubble Nebula


SoapBubble-web

SoapBubble-crop-web
Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 Astrodon HA OIII
Exposure: 10×600 sec Ha/OIII 2bin
22 August 2014

The Soap bubble nebula, or PN G75.5+1.7, is a planetary nebula in the constellation Cygnus, near the Crescent Nebula (NGC 6888). It was discovered by amateur astronomer Dave Jurasevich using an Astro-Physics 160 mm refractor telescope who imaged the nebula on June 19, 2007 and on July 6, 2008. The nebula was later independently noted and reported to the International Astronomical Union by Keith. B. Quattrocchi and Mel Helm who imaged PN G75.5+1.7 on July 17, 2008 @Wikipedia

La Nébuleuse de la Bulle de Savon ou PN G75.5 1.7, est une nébuleuse planétaire dans la constellation du Cygne1, dans la Nébuleuse du Croissant (NGC 6888). Elle fut découverte le 5 juillet 2010 par un astronome amateur nommé Dave Jurasevic @Wikipedia


Snapshot of the Orion Nebula

M42_HDR_centre_hf-1440x1339
Optics/mount: 180 Epsilon f2,8 Takahashi Alt-5

Camera/filters: QHY12 OSC

Exposure:10x600sec and 9x10sec , 9 January 2013

The Orion Nebula (also known as Messier 42, M42, or NGC1976) is a diffuse nebula situated south[b] of Orion’s Belt in the constellation of Orion. It is one of the brightest nebulae, and is visible to the naked eye in the night sky. M42 is located at a distance of 1,344 ± 20 light years and is the closest region of massive star formation to Earth. The M42 nebula is estimated to be 24 light years across. It has a mass of about 2000 times the mass of the Sun. Older texts frequently refer to the Orion Nebula as the Great Nebula in Orion or the Great Orion Nebula.

The Orion Nebula is one of the most scrutinized and photographed objects in the night sky, and is among the most intensely studied celestial features. The nebula has revealed much about the process of how stars and planetary systems are formed from collapsing clouds of gas and dust. Astronomers have directly observed protoplanetary disks, brown dwarfs, intense and turbulent motions of the gas, and the photo-ionizing effects of massive nearby stars in the nebula. There are also supersonic “bullets” of gas piercing the hydrogen clouds of the Orion Nebula. Each bullet is ten times the diameter of Pluto’s orbit and tipped with iron atoms glowing bright blue. They were probably formed one thousand years ago from an unknown violent event.

Grand champ

Grand champ

La nébuleuse d’Orion, aussi connue sous le nom de M42 ou NGC 1976, est une nébuleuse en émission/réflexion située au cœur de la constellation d’Orion.

C’est la nébuleuse diffuse la plus brillante : elle est visible à l’œil nu dans un ciel nocturne sans pollution lumineuse et peut être facilement vue avec une paire de jumelles. Elle couvre dans le ciel une zone de 66 × 60 minutes d’arc ; c’est-à-dire quatre fois plus que la pleine lune.

La nébuleuse d’Orion est la partie principale d’un nuage de gaz et de poussières appelé le « nuage d’Orion ». Ce nuage s’étend sur près de la moitié de la constellation et contient aussi la Boucle de Barnard et la célèbre nébuleuse de la Tête de Cheval.

La nébuleuse a une taille d’environ 33 années-lumière. Il aura fallu attendre 2007 pour s’apercevoir que la nébuleuse se trouve à environ 1 350 années-lumière de la Terre au lieu des 1 500 années-lumière jusque-là estimées. Elle contient un amas ouvert très jeune contenant de nombreuses étoiles.


vdB149-150 Refelction Nebula in Cepheus

VDB149

VDB149

Optics/mount: 180 Epsilon f2,8 Takahashi Alt-5
Camera/filters: QHY12 OSC
Exposure:59x900sec 14,7h


vdB152 Reflection Nebula in Cepheus

VDB152

Optics/mount: 180 Epsilon f2,8 Takahashi Alt-5
Camera/filters: QHY12 OSC
Exposure: 24x900sec / 6.00 h, 16 October 2012

Described as a “dusty curtain” or “ghostly apparition”, mysterious reflection nebula vdB 152 really is very faint. It lies about 1400 light-years away, along the northern Milky Way in the royal constellation Cepheus. Near the edge of a large molecular cloud, pockets of cosmic dust in the region block light from background stars or scatter light from the embedded bright star (top) giving parts of the nebula a characteristic blue color. Ultraviolet light from the star is also thought to cause a dim reddish luminescence in the nebular dust. Though stars do form in molecular clouds, this star seems to have only accidentally wandered into the area, as its measured velocity through interstellar space is very different from the cloud’s velocity. This deep telescopic image spans about 7 light-years at the estimated distance of vdB 152. (http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap070614.html)


Dark Nebula Banard 171-174

Dark nebula

Optics/mount: 180 Epsilon f2,8 Takahashi Alt-5
Camera/filters: QHY12 OSC
Exposure: 20x900sec / 5.00 h, 9 Sept 2012


Iris Nebula Widefield

Iris Nebula

Optics/mount: 180 Epsilon f2,8 Takahashi Alt-5
Camera/filters: QHY12 OSC
exposure: 38×1200 sec / 12,6h

The Iris Nebula, also NGC 7023 and Caldwell 4, is a bright reflection nebula and Caldwell object in the constellation Cepheus. NGC 7023 is actually the cluster within the nebula, LBN 487, and the nebula is lit by a magnitude +7 star, SAO 19158.[1] It shines at magnitude +6.8. It is located near the Mira-type variable star T Cephei, and near the bright magnitude +3.23 variable star Beta Cephei (Alphirk). It lies 1,300 light-years away and is six light-years across.


Veil Nebula NGC6960

Veil Nebula

This image is a combination of LRGB frames and halpha and OIII mixed to the redchannel and the bluechannel


Image in HST-palette

Veilnebula LRGB

This is the “classic LRGB” version

The Veil Nebula is a cloud of heated and ionized gas and dust in the constellation Cygnus. It constitutes the visible portions of the Cygnus Loop (radio source W78, or Sharpless 103), a large but relatively faint supernova remnant. The source supernova exploded some 5,000 to 8,000 years ago, and the remnants have since expanded to cover an area roughly 3 degrees in diameter (about 6 times the diameter, or 36 times the area, of the full moon). The distance to the nebula is not precisely known, but recent evidence from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) supports a distance of about 1,470 light-year

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 Astrodon LRGB halpha/OIII 5nm
Exposure: 5h LRGB 10min subs all 1xbin Ha/OIII 6h
26/07/2012


M78 with the 12″ACF

M78-12lrgb-ps_hf

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 Astrodon LRGB
Exposure: 20×600 Lum, 12×600 RGB all 1bin
16/01/2012 – 18/01/2012

M78 (ou NGC 2068) est une nébuleuse diffuse située dans Orion et découverte en 1780 par Pierre Méchain. C’est la nébuleuse diffuse la plus brillante du ciel. Charles Messier l’ajouta à son catalogue le 17 décembre de la même année.@Wikipedia

The nebula Messier 78 (also known as M 78 or NGC 2068) is a reflection nebula in the constellation Orion. It was discovered by Pierre Méchain in 1780 and included by Charles Messier in his catalog of comet-like objects that same year.

M78 is the brightest diffuse reflection nebula of a group of nebulae that include NGC 2064, NGC 2067 and NGC 2071. This group belongs to the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex and is about 1,600 light years distant from Earth. M78 is easily found in small telescopes as a hazy patch and involves two stars of 10th magnitude. These two stars, HD 38563A and HD 38563B, are responsible for making the cloud of dust in M78 visible by reflecting their light.

About 45 variable stars of the T Tauri type, young stars still in the process of formation as well as some 17 Herbig–Haro objects are known in M78.@Wikipedia


NGC 1333 Reflection Nebula

NGC1333-Th-px-ps

Optics/mount : 12″ACF 2.7m AP-Reduzer Alt-5
Camera/filters: Atik 11002 Astrodon LRGB HA5nm
Exposure: 22×600 Lum, 5×600 RGB all 1bin

NGC 1333 is catalogued as a reflection nebula but is actually a diverse region and part of the Perseus OB2 molecular cloud complex. It is one of the nearest star forming regions and particularly rich in young stellar objects (YSOs). Stellar clusters are born embedded within molecular clouds and during their early evolution as YSOs are often only visible at infrared wavelengths, being heavily obscured by dust. Four classes of young stellar objects have been described. Class I though III objects progress through an evolutionary sequence of being less dust enshrouded, as they develop towards the zero-age main sequence. The earliest and most imbedded stage of star formation is the class 0 YSOs. These earliest protostars are difficult to detect due to their heavily imbedded nature. Less than 50 Class 0 objects are known however 4 of these low mass protostars exist in NGC 1333. Also 36 Herbig-Haro obejects have been identified in NGC 1333 confirming its status as a young active region of star formation. Herbig-Haro objects are collisionally excited nebulae produced by outflows ejected by YSOs. They are produced mainly during the first few hundred thousand years of life of a YSO and are usually highly obscured by the cloud core environment from which they formed.

The gaseous structure of NGC 1333 has been mapped at radio wavelengths and appears to support the large scale star formation observed. Lumpy and filamentary cloud structure exists in NGC 1333 indicative of recent collapse and fragmentation of the parent molecular cloud leading to the clustered mode of star formation observed in the nebula. In addition a series of cavities and shells exist presumably blown out by the outflows of infant protostars. Infrared surveys reveal the presence of YSOs at the edge of these cavities indicating that sequential star formation has occurred there and has been triggered by the effects of the powerful outflows from the first generation of stars. The entire process is extremely recent as the cloud hosting NGC 1333 is less than a million years old.’

NGC 1333 est une nébuleuse par réflexion située dans la constellation de Persée. Elle appartient au nuage moléculaire Persée.
En 2011, des chercheurs ont signalé la découverte de 30 à 40 objets de type naines brunes dans ce nuage et dans le complexe de nuage Rho Ophiuchi@Wikipedia